DiCamillo Companion
England

Westbury Court

  • Earlier Houses: An Elizabethan manor house (the first house) was demolished in the 1740s by Maynard Colchester II, who replaced it with a Palladian style mansion (the second house), which was demolished in 1805 and replaced by the third house, which was itself demolished in 1953. An elder care home today stands on the site of the third and last house.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: In the late 17th and early 18th centuries Maynard Colchester I and his nephew, Maynard Colchester II, built Westbury into an important Dutch style garden, whose focal point was the 450-foot-long canal, which terminates with a Dutch style brick pavilion, or folly. The Westbury garden was probably influenced by Catherina Bovery (the London-born daughter of an Amsterdam merchant), who had built a Dutch style garden at her neighboring estate of Flaxley Abbey (see "Images" section). The formal Westbury water garden (laid out 1696-1705 by Maynard Colchester I), containing canals and yew hedges, is one of the earliest of its kind in England and the only restored Dutch water garden in the country (most formal gardens of this type were swept away in the 18th century under the influence of Capability Brown's naturalistic landscape designs). In 1967 Westbury was rescued from dereliction by the National Trust, who restored it in 1971 (the trust's first garden restoration) using, as their guide, a 1707 bird's-eye view engraving by Johannes Kip of the garden at its peak (see "Images" section).

  • Architect: Michael Sidnell

    Date: 1742-45
    Designed: Second house (demolished 1805) for Maynard Colchester II

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  • Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - HARDBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 2008
    Reference: pg. 924
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 9780300125085
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Demolished

    Park Listed: Grade II*

  • Past Seat / Home of: SEATED AT FIRST HOUSE: Sir Duncombe Colchester, until 1694; Maynard Colchester I, 1694-1715; Maynard Colchester II, 1715-43. SEATED AT SECOND HOUSE: Maynard Colchester II, 1743-56. SEATED AT THIRD HOUSE: Maynard Willoughby Colchester-Wemyss, until 1930; Colchester-Wemyss family here until 1960.

    Current Ownership Type: The National Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Visitor Attraction

  • House Open to Public: Grounds Only

    Phone: 01452-760-461

    Fax: 01452-760-461

    Email: westburycourt@nationaltrust.org.uk

    Website: https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk

    Historic Houses Member: No