Built / Designed For: George Woodford Thelluson
House & Family History: Wall Hall is a turreted and castellated house covered in cement that was built in 1802 for George Woodford Thelluson and originally called Aldenham Abbey. Thelluson was a successful city banker who is mentioned in Charles Dickens's "A Tale of Two Cities." Circa 1830 alterations and additions were made to the House. In 1901 the famous American banker J.P. Morgan, Jr., rented the 300-acre Estate (he purchased it in 1910 and changed the Estate's name to Wall Hall). Morgan entertained the cream of society and the royal family, including the young Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. During the Second World War the House served as the residence of the U.S. ambassador, Joseph Kennedy. In 1945 Wall Hall was converted to serve as a teacher training college, later becoming the University of Hertfordshire. In 2003 the university vacated, and, in 2007, the House and other listed buildings on the 56-acre site were converted by Octagon Development into 25 homes, with a further 76 houses and apartments being built, along with a two-story office block, sports pavilion, and parking lot. The Greenhouse and 1960s-style university buildings were demolished.
Garden & Outbuildings: The grounds contain the Stableblock, an Ionic covered garden seat, artificial ruins, the Ice House, and a Gothick style Conservatory. During the Great War J.P. Morgan, Jr. had the parkland ploughed up and wheat planted for the war effort.
John Bernard (J.B.) Burke, published under the title of A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. I, p. 264, 1852.
Country Life: LV, 282, 1924.
Title: Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, The
Author: Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget
Year Published: 2000
Reference: pg. 67
Publisher: London: Penguin Books
Book Type: Hardback
Title: House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance, The
Author: Chernow, Ron
Year Published: 2001
Reference: pgs. 95, 97, 191, 264
Publisher: New York: Grove Press
Book Type: Softback
House Listed: Grade II
Park Listed: Grade II
Past Seat of: George Woodford Thelluson, early 19th century. W. Stuart, 19th century. John Pierpont Morgan, Jr., early 20th century. Joseph Kennedy (as U.S. Ambassador to Britain), during World War II.
Current Ownership Type: Corporation
Primary Current Ownership Use: Flats / Multi Family
House Open to Public: No
Historic Houses Member: No