DiCamillo Companion
England

Southwick House (Southwick Park)

  • Earlier Houses: The current house (the third house) replaced an earlier house, the circa 1800 Regency style Southwick Park (the second house; see "Images" section), which was destroyed by fire in 1838. Southwick Park itself replaced a Jacobean house (the first house), built for Colonel Richard Norton and probably demolished in the late 18th or early 19th century. The Jacobean house was built on the remains of a 12th century priory of Augustinian Canons that was sold off as part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

    Built / Designed For: Thomas Thistlethwayte, who was described by Viscount Palmerston as "a very stupid but respectable young man possessing considerable property near Portsmouth."

    House & Family History: The current (third) house is a virtual replica of the second house (which burned in 1838), save for the addition of a third floor and different fenestration. In the first years of World War II the Royal Navy used Southwick House to accommodate overnight pupils of the Royal Navy School of Navigation, HMS “Dryad,” which had been based in the nearby Portsmouth Naval Dockyard. In 1943 HMS “Dryad” was moved into the further reaches of the estate and Southwick House became Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. It was here that the primary Allied commanders were based, including General Eisenhower, Field Marshall Montgomery, and Admiral Ramsay, and it was here that Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Europe (the largest seaborne invasion in history), was planned. The map room, which contains the top secret maps for the D-Day landings, is today exactly as it was on June 6, 1944. It is because of its extreme historical importance that this room is Grade I-listed.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: The 1707 bird's eye view by Kip (see "Images" section) shows the estate and gardens as laid out in the Dutch style by the actor and theater producer Richard Norton in the late 17th century. This layout, of course, was long ago lost, but it's interesting to see how similar the Southwick orangery appears to the famous Chatsworth orangery. Since 2007 the Royal Military Police Museum has been housed in the stableblock of Southwick House. The museum can be visited by appointment.

  • Architect: Humphry Repton

    Date: Early 19th century
    Designed: May have consulted on layout of grounds for Thomas Thistlethwayte
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: James Howell

    Date: 1841
    Designed: Third (current) house for Thomas Thistlethwayte

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  • John Bernard (J.B.) Burke, published under the title of A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, among other titles: 2.S. Vol. I, p. 209, 1854.

    John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. II, 1819.

  • Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - HARDBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 2008
    Reference: pg. 545
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 9780300125085
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade II

    Park Listed: Not Listed

  • Past Seat / Home of: SEATED AT FIRST HOUSE: Sir Daniel Norton, 17th century; Colonel Richard Norton, 17th century; Richard Norton, until early 18th century. Robert Thistlethwayte (Thistlethwaite), until 1800. SEATED AT SECOND HOUSE: Thomas Thistlethwayte, 1800-38. SEATED AT THIRD (CURRENT) HOUSE: Thomas Thistlethwayte, 1838-50.

    Current Ownership Type: Government

    Primary Current Ownership Use: School

    Ownership Details: Today the Defence College of Policing and Guarding

  • House Open to Public: Folly / Outbuildings Only - By Appointment

    Phone: 02392-284-372

    Email: museum@rhqrmp.org

    Website: https://www.rhqrmp.org/rmp_museum.html

    Historic Houses Member: No