DiCamillo Companion
England

Raynham Hall (Rainham Hall) (Raineham Hall)

  • Earlier Houses: There was an earlier house, near the church, that was replaced by the current house.

    Built / Designed For: Sir Roger Townshend, 1st Bt.

    House & Family History: The Townshend family has owned land on this property since the late 14th century. Sir Roger Townshend was mainly his own architect for Raynham Hall, which he designed with the help of William Edge, a draftsman and master mason (they commenced work on the house in 1619 and then restarted it on a different site in 1622). It's documented that Townshend and Edge visited London and Newmarket and studied the buildings of Inigo Jones; many architectural historians credit this trip as the influence for the Jonesian character of Raynham's design. William Talman, one of the most prominent architects of the age, produced designs for the remodeling of the east and west facades that were never executed. Raynham was altered circa 1680, followed by William Kent's early 18th century remodeling of the interiors for the 2nd Viscount Townshend. Charles II and the dukes of York and Monmouth visited the house in 1671. Raynham Hall is particularly famous for the ghost called the Brown Lady (so named because of the brown brocade dress the specter wears), supposedly the ghost of Dorothy Townshend (1686-1726; see "Images" section). Dorothy, who grew up at nearby Houghton Hall, was the daughter of Col. Robert Walpole, the sister of Britain's first prime minister (Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford), and the wife of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend. Legend has it that Dorothy haunts Raynham because of the actions of her husband, who went into an uncontrollable rage after he discovered that his wife had had a torrid affair with the notorious rake Thomas Wharton, 1st Marquess of Wharton, before her marriage to Townshend. In revenge, so the legend goes, Lord Townshend, who had a fierce temper, had Dorothy locked in an isolated room at Raynham for the rest of her life. She was supposedly never again allowed to see her seven children and there are rumors that she was starved to death. In 1815, during a visit to Raynham, the Prince Regent purportedly witnessed the Brown Lady and was so shaken by the incident that he insisted on leaving the house immediately. The first documented sighting of the ghost took place during Christmas celebrations at Raynham in 1835, when a Colonel Loftus reported seeing the the Brown Lady (his claim was supported by a number of other guests who also witnessed the apparition). One of the most famous sightings occurred in 1836, when the author Frederick Marryat, a friend of Dickens and captain in the Royal Navy, was staying at Raynham. One night, as Col. Loftus and two companions walked down a hallway, they saw the Brown Lady approach them; because the specter was grinning at them in a "diabolical manner," Captain Marryat, believing he was in danger, drew his pistol and fired shots at the figure. The bullets passed through the ghost and the Brown Lady instantly vanished. Sightings continued to be reported until 1936, when two professional photographers, Captain Hubert Provand and Indre Shira, were taking photographs of Raynham for "Country Life" magazine. The photo they famously snapped of the the Brown Lady on the staircase, which appeared in the December 26, 1936 issue of "Country Life," became one of the most famous ghost pictures in the world. The Brown Lady has not been seen at Raynham since her 1936 appearance. The town of Raynham, Massachusetts, incorporated in 1731, was named after Raynham Hall.

  • Architect: Thomas Ripley

    Date: Circa 1727-31
    Designed: Supervised implementation of William Kent's interior alterations

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    Architect: William Edge

    Date: Circa 1619-30
    Designed: Draftsman and master mason for Sir Roger Townshend's designs

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    Architect: Roger Townshend

    Date: Circa 1619-22
    Designed: House for himself, mostly to his own designs.

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    Architect: William Kent

    Date: Circa 1727-31
    Designed: Interiors and service wing for 2nd Viscount Townshend

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  • John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. III, 1820.

    Country Life: XLVII, 760 plan, 1920. XXIV, 90, 1908. LVIII, 742, 782 plan, 1925.

  • Title: Raynham Hall: An English Country House Revealed
    Author: Ridgdill, Michael
    Year Published: 2018
    Reference: pg. 88
    Publisher: Suffolk: ACC Art Books Ltd.
    ISBN: 9781851498604
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - HARDBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 2008
    Reference: pgs. 341, 616, 871, 1014
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 9780300125085
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Burke's and Savills Guide to Country Houses, Volume III: East Anglia
    Author: Kenworthy-Browne, John; Reid, Peter; Sayer, Michael; Watkin, David
    Year Published: 1981
    Reference: pgs. 172-173
    Publisher: London: Burke's Peerage
    ISBN: 0850110351
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade I

    Park Listed: Grade II

  • Current Seat / Home of: Charles George Townshend, 8th Marquess Townshend

    Past Seat / Home of: SEATED AT CURRENT HOUSE: Sir Roger Townshend, 1st Bt., until 1637; Sir Roger Townshend, 2nd Bt., 1637-48; Sir Horatio Townshend, 3rd Bt., 1st Baron Townshend, and 1st Viscount Townshend, 1648-87; Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, 1687-1738; Charles Townshend, 3rd Viscount Townshend, 1738-64; George Townshend, 4th Viscount Townshend and 1st Marquess Townshend, 1764-1807; George Townshend, 2nd Marquess Townshend and 1st Earl of Leicester, 1807-11; George Ferrars Townshend, 3rd Marquess Townshend and 2nd Earl of Leicester, 1811-55; John Townshend, 4th Marquess Townshend, 1855-63; John Villiers Stuart Townshend, 5th Marquess Townshend, 1863-99; John James Dudley Stuart Townshend, 6th Marquess Townshend, 1899-1921; George John Patrick Dominic Townshend, 7th Marquess Townshend, 1921-2010.

    Current Ownership Type: Individual / Family Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home

  • House Open to Public: Limited Access

    Phone: 01328-862-133

    Email: admin@raynhamhall.co.uk

    Website: https://www.raynhamrecitals.co.uk/

    Historic Houses Member: No