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Paxton House

  • Built / Designed For: Patrick Home

    House & Family History: Paxton House, sited overlooking the River Tweed, is one of Scotland's finest homes and one of the few on which all three Adam brothers were probably involved. Built in the mid-18th century for Patrick Home, Paxton is attributed to James Adam, who very likely worked with his brother, John, in its design. The house was built between circa 1758 and 1761 under the supervision of James Nisbet, with extensive interiors, circa 1773, by Robert, the most famous of the Adam brothers. The east wing was added 1812-13 to the designs of Robert Reid to house the library and picture gallery (the largest in a Scottish country house). The interiors today contain original plasterwork and wallpapers, all set in Neoclassical splendor. In 1988 Paxton House and its 80-acre estate were bequeathed to the nation, through the Paxton Trust, by John Home-Robertson, the last laird and a socialist MP. A grant of £22.8 million from the National Heritage Memorial Fund enabled the trust to obtain the contents, restore the house, and to create an endowment (Paxton opened to the public for the first time in 1992). The Home-Robertson family continue to live on the Paxton Estate.

    Collections: Paxton contains the pre-eminent Scottish collection of Chippendale furniture and a magnificent collection of Regency furniture by William Trotter of Edinburgh, all in their original room settings. The picture gallery serves as an outstation of the National Galleries of Scotland and has over seventy 18th and 19th century paintings on display, including works by Raeburn, Reynolds, and Naysmith, among others, on loan from the National Galleries. There is also a collection of costumes, books, and antiques from the Grand Tour of Patrick Home.

    Comments: Paxton is considered one of the finest examples of an 18th century Palladian country house in Britain.

  • Architect: Robert Adam

    Date: Circa 1773
    Designed: Interiors

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    Architect: James Adam

    Date: Circa 1758-61
    Designed: House, probably with brother, John Adam, for Patrick Home.
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: Robert Reid

    Date: 1812-13
    Designed: East Wing, which houses Library and Picture Gallery, for George Home.

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    Architect: John Adam

    Date: Circa 1758-61
    Designed: May have worked with his brother, James Adam, in design of House for Patrick Home.
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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  • Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 1995
    Reference: pgs. 51, 797
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 0300072074
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Disintegration of a Heritage: Country Houses and their Collections, 1979-1992, The
    Author: Sayer, Michael
    Year Published: 1993
    Publisher: Norfolk: Michael Russell (Publishing)
    ISBN: 0859551970
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Category A

    Park Listed: Outstanding

  • Current Seat / Home of: Home-Robertson family

    Past Seat / Home of: Patrick Home, 18th century.

    Current Ownership Type: Preservation Organization

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Other

    Ownership Details: Owned and operated by The Paxton Trust.

  • House Open to Public: Yes

    Phone: 01289-386-291

    Fax: 01289-386-660

    Email: info@paxtonhouse.com

    Website: https://paxtonhouse.co.uk

    Historic Houses Member: Yes