DiCamillo Companion
Ireland

Lismore Castle (Ardfinnan Castle)

  • Earlier Houses: The site of today’s castle was originally occupied by Lismore Abbey, an important 7th century monastery (King Henry II of England stayed at the abbey in 1171). In 1185, Prince John, Henry II’s youngest son, built Ardfinnan Castle here to guard the river crossing; this castle later became a medieval seat of the bishops of Waterford.

    House & Family History: Lismore’s beginnings as one of the grandest castles in Ireland started in 1602, when Sir Walter Raleigh (who was in prison for high treason at the time) sold Lismore to Richard Boyle (created 1st Earl of Cork in 1620). Boyle purchased a ruinous castle, which he lavishly restored; most of this was lost in 1645, when large portions of Lismore were destroyed during the English Civil War (it was later rebuilt). It was at Lismore that the 1st Earl of Cork’s fourteenth child, Robert Boyle, was born in 1626. Robert became the father of modern chemistry. Lismore came to the Cavendish family (dukes of Devonshire, who still own it today) in 1753 through the marriage of the 4th Duke of Devonshire to the heiress (Lady Charlotte Boyle) of the 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork. In the 19th century the 6th Duke of Devonshire did enormous work on Lismore, enlarging the castle on a grand scale. The 6th Duke employed some of the 19th century’s finest architects and interior designers to rebuild Lismore as a Gothic fantasy: William Atkinson, Joseph Paxton, A.W.N. Pugin, and the Craces. In 1932 Adele Astaire, the famous sister of Fred Astaire, retired from the stage to marry Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish, second son of the 9th Duke of Devonshire. The newlyweds moved to Ireland, where they lived at Lismore until Lord Charles's death in 1944. Adele continued to use the castle until shortly before her own death in 1981.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: The historic seven acres of gardens at Lismore are divided into two very different halves. The Upper Garden is a complete example of the 17th century walled garden first constructed here by Richard Boyle, the 1st Earl of Cork, in about 1605. The outer walls and terraces remain and the plantings have changed to match the tastes of those living within the Castle. The Lower Garden was mostly made in the 19th century for the 6th Duke of Devonshire, Joseph Paxton's patron. This garden is informal with shrubs, trees and lawns. The stately Yew Avenue is where Edmund Spencer is said to have written "The Faerie Queen." This avenue is much older than the garden itself, probably 17th century. Camellias are the first heralds of spring, and are followed closely by the Magnolias and spring flowering bulbs. A fine collection of rhododendrons maintain the interest through late spring and early summer before giving way to the flowering herbaceous borders. The upper garden is home to herbaceous borders and a working kitchen garden providing vegetables, fruit and herbs for the Castle kitchens. Vegetable beds are edged with roses and grass paths adding a decorative interest to the functional space. Key flowers and plants in the gardens are identified by hanging letters and the corresponding information is on the back of this leaflet. Since 1999, several pieces of contemporary sculpture have been installed in the gardens, including one by Anthony Gormley, best known for "Angel of the North," which overlooks the motorway at Gateshead in the north of England. Visitors can also visit the contemporary art gallery, Lismore Castle Arts, as part of their admission, which features exhibitions by some of the world's leading artists. (We are most grateful to Lismore Castle for this history of the gardens).

  • Architect: Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin

    Date: 1850s
    Designed: Interiors for 6th Duke of Devonshire

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    Architect: Joseph Paxton

    Designed: Work for 6th Duke

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    Architect: Frederick Crace

    Date: 1850s
    Designed: Interiors for 6th Duke

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    Architect: William Atkinson

    Date: 1811
    Designed: Repaired and altered House for 6th Duke of Devonshire

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  • J.B. Burke: 2.S. Vol. II, p. 42, 1855.

    J.P. Neal: Vol. VI, 1823.

    Country Life: Mark Girouard in CXXXVI, 336, 389, 1964.

  • Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 1995
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 0300072074
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Hardwick Hall Guidebook
    Author: Girouard, Mark
    Year Published: 1996
    Publisher: London: The National Trust
    ISBN: 0707800986
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Unknown

    Park Listed: Unknown

  • "Murder, She Wrote" (1995 - TV series, as the exterior of the O'Bannon family's castle in the episodes "Nan's Ghost"). "Northanger Abbey" (2007 - Granada Television production, as Northanger Abbey).
  • Seat of: Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire; Cavendish family here since 1748.

    Past Seat of: Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, 16th century. Sir Walter Raleigh, 1589-1602. Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, 1602-43; Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, 18th century. William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 19th century; Lord and Lady Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish, 1932-44.

    Current Ownership Type: Individual / Family Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home

    Ownership Details: Owned by Trustees of the Lismore Estate.

  • House Open to Public: Grounds Only

    Phone: 3535-854-061

    Fax: 3535-854-896

    Email: gardens@lismorecastle.com

    Website: http://www.lismorecastlegardens.com

    Historic Houses Member: No