DiCamillo Companion
England

Gunnersbury House (Gunnersbury Park)

  • Earlier Houses: The 18th century villa of Princess Amelia was replaced by the current 19th century house, which is the primary focus of this record.

    Built / Designed For: Alexander Copland

    House & Family History: Gunnersbury was the home of Princess Amelia, the second daughter of George III. Princess Amelia's house was replaced by two villas in the 19th century when the property was divided into three parts; Nathan Rothschild purchased the largest section in 1835, which he remodeled and enlarged into the house seen today. Gunnersbury was purchased for the nation from the Rothschild family in 1925 and opened to the public by Neville Chamberlain, then minister of health, on May 21, 1926.

    Collections: By 1728 Sir Robert Furnese, 2nd Bt. (died 1733), owned Andrea Sacchi's "Apollo Crowning the Musician Marcantonio Pasqualini," which was once owned by Pope Clement IX. The painting remained at Sir Robert's seat, Waldershare Park, until it passed to his cousin, Henry Furnese (Lord of the Treasury, died 1756), at Gunnersbury. After Henry's death in 1756 the painting was purchased by the 1st Earl Spencer (1734-83), who hung it in the Great Room at Spencer House (the painting was sold by the New York City dealers Wildenstein & Co. in 1981 for £270,000 to the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Lord Spencer used Guido Reni's "Liberality and Modesty" (which had a frame designed by James "Athenian" Stuart) as a pendant painting for the Sacchi. The Reni was also purchased by the 1st Lord Spencer from Henry Furnese's estate and remained in the Spencer collection until 1979, when it was sold by the 8th Earl Spencer to Wildenstein & Co., from whom it was purchased by the American collector Peter Sharp; after Sharp's death Sotheby's sold the Reni in New York on January 13, 1994 for $618,500.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: Princess Amelia started a famous garden here, at one time rivaling Kew. It was noted for its classical follies, most of which have been destroyed. The Doric Temple, probably designed by William Chambers, is extant, as is the Bath House, which began a restoration by Giles Quarme & Associates in 2003. The 18th century building, a unique combination of plunge bath and shell grotto, had been a ruin for the past 50 years. The project involves the restoration of the building to the original Regency detail and the conversion of the chamber into an artist's studio. The work is funded by the Heritage Lottery Commission.

  • Architect: William Oldham Chambers

    Designed: Doric Temple (Dairy) for Princess Amelia
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
    View all houses

    Architect: Sydney Smirke

    Date: 1836
    Designed: Renovated House for Nathan Rothschild

    View all houses
  • Vitruvius Britannicus: C. I, pls. 17, 18, 1715.

    John Bernard (J.B.) Burke, published under the title of A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, among other titles: 2.S. Vol. II, p. 86, 1855.

    Country Life: CLXXII, 1480, 1982.

  • Title: Sotheby's Auction Catalog: The Estate of Peter Jay Sharp, Jan 13, 1994
    Author: NA
    Year Published: 1994
    Reference: Item 73
    Publisher: New York: Sotheby's, Inc.
    ISBN: NA
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Follies, Grottoes and Garden Buildings
    Author: Headley, Gwyn; Meulenkamp, Wim
    Year Published: 1999
    Publisher: London: Aurum Press Ltd.
    ISBN: 1854106252
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Art and Architecture of London: An Illustrated Guide, The
    Author: Saunders, Ann
    Year Published: 1984
    Publisher: Oxford: Phaidon Press Limited
    ISBN: 0714823201
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade II*

    Park Listed: Grade II

  • Past Seat of: SEATED AT EARLIER HOUSES: Henry Furnese, 18th century. Princess Amelia, late 18th century. SEATED AT CURRENT HOUSE: Alexander Copland, early 19th century. Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 19th century.

    Current Ownership Type: Government

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Museum

    Ownership Details: Owned by Hounslow and Ealing Councils and used as a social history museum.

  • House Open to Public: Yes

    Phone: 01819-921-612

    Fax: 01817-520-686

    Email: gp-museum@cip.org.uk

    Website: https://gunnersburyfriends.org

    Historic Houses Member: No