DiCamillo Companion
England

Fort Belvedere (Shrub Hill Tower)

  • Built / Designed For: William, Duke of Cumberland

    House & Family History: Fort Belvedere is a country house on Shrub Hill in Windsor Great Park, very near Sunningdale, Berkshire, though the House is actually over the border in Runnymede in Surrey. Circa 1750-55 Isaac Ware designed a triangular tower (the first in England) called Shrub Hill Tower for William, Duke of Cumberland. When Jeffry Wyattville extended the tower into a residence between 1827 and 1829 the House became Fort Belvedere; it served as a royal residence between 1750 and 1976. The Fort is most famous as the country retreat of King Edward VIII, most famously as the place where he signed the instrument of abdication in 1936. The House remains a crown property and is leased today as a private residence to Canadian businessman Galen Weston and his wife, Hilary Weston, the former lieutenant-governor of Ontario. Galen's company, Wittington Investments Limited, owns Selfridge's, Heal's, and Fortnum & Mason, among other notable British businesses.

  • Architect: Jeffry Wyatville (Wyattville) (Wyatt)

    Date: 1827-29
    Designed: Extended Tower into castellated residence for for George IV

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    Architect: Isaac Ware

    Date: Circa 1750-55
    Designed: Triangular Tower for Duke of Cumberland

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  • Title: Buildings of England: Berkshire, The
    Author: Pevsner, Nikolaus
    Year Published: 1966
    Publisher: London: Penguin Books
    ISBN: NA
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade II*

    Park Listed: Grade I

  • "Edward & Mrs. Simpson" (1978 - TV mini series).
  • Current Seat / Home of: Galen and Hilary Weston

    Past Seat / Home of: HRH William, Duke of Cumberland, 18th century. King Edward VIII, 20th century.

    Current Ownership Type: The Crown / Royal Family

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home

    Ownership Details: Leased as a private residence

  • House Open to Public: No

    Historic Houses Member: No

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