The Entrance Facade
The Entrance Facade from a 1903 postcard
The Garden Facade from "Morris's Views of Seats," circa 1875.
The Garden Facade
Earlier Houses: The remains of the 12th century Roxburgh Castle is on the Floors Estate.
Built / Designed For: 1st Duke of Roxburghe
House & Family History: Believed to be the largest inhabited castle in Scotland, Floors was designed in the early 18th century by William Adam (father of the more-famous Robert Adam) for the 1st Duke of Roxburghe. It was the 6th Duke who had William Playfair embellish the Adam house with a multitude of spires and domes in the Scottish 16th century style. The final effect was breathtaking and made the Floors one of the most atmospheric houses in Britain. Often used as a film location, Floors' greatest role in that mode was as Greystoke Castle in 1984's "Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes." Floors has hosted many important guests, including Queen Victoria in 1867. Anne, the sister of Lord Randolph Churchill (father of Winston), married the 6th Duke of Roxburghe, and, as a result, Randolph was a frequent visitor to Floors, as was his wife, Jennie. Floors provided a calm and peaceful environment where Randolph could escape from the cares of the world.
Collections: The Castle displays outstanding collections of French 17th and 18th century furniture, tapestries, Chinese and European porcelain, silver, and one of the celebrated series of Savonnerie carpets commissioned by Louis XIV for the Galerie d'Apollon in the Louvre. Many of these treasures came to Floors from Duchess May, the American wife of the 8th Duke, who was a Goelet from New York. The great Gobelins tapestries from the Potières des Dieux series today at Floors once hung at Ochre Court, the Goelet house in Newport, Rhode Island. One of the most exclusive clubs in the world, and the world's oldest society of bibliophiles, The Roxburghe Club was founded in 1812 in honor of John Ker, 3rd Duke of Roxburghe, who died in 1804. The loss of the duke's huge and enormously important library (it held over 10,000 volumes) to a 46-day auction held between May and July 1812 was the spark for the formation of the club. Its membership is limited to 40, chosen from among those with distinguished libraries or collections, or with a scholarly interest in books. Each member is expected to sponsor the publication of a rare or curious volume. The club's collection is housed at the Society of Antiquaries at Burlington House in London. A sale of some contents of Floors Castle was held by Christie's on September 17, 1990.
Garden & Outbuildings: The Summerhouse was built for Queen Victoria's visit in 1867.
Vitruvius Scoticus: Adam, W., pls. 48, 49, 1810.
John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. VI, 1823. Scotland, 1830.
Country Life: CLXIII, 1298, 1370, 1978.
Title: Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, 1990
Author: Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (Editors)
Year Published: 1990
Reference: pg. P 1060
Publisher: London: Debrett's Peerage Limited (New York: St. Martin's Press, Inc.)
Book Type: Hardback
Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
Author: Colvin, Howard
Year Published: 1995
Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
Book Type: Softback
House Listed: Category A
Park Listed: Outstanding
Seat of: Charles Robert George Innes-Ker, 11th Duke of Roxburghe
Past Seat of: John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe, 1726-41; Robert Ker, 2nd Duke of Roxburghe, 1741-55; John Ker, 3rd Duke of Roxburghe, 1755-1804; William Bellenden-Ker, 4th Duke of Roxburghe, 1804-05; James Innes-Ker, 5th Duke of Roxburghe, 1805-23; James Innes-Ker, 6th Duke of Roxburghe, 1823-79; James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe, 1879-92; Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe, 1892-1932; George Victor Robert John Innes-Ker, 9th Duke of Roxburghe, 1932-74; Guy David Innes-Ker, 10th Duke of Roxburghe, 1974-2019.
Current Ownership Type: Individual / Family Trust
Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home