DiCamillo Companion

Dover House (Fetherstonhaugh House) (York House) (Melbourne House)

  • Built / Designed For: Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, Bt.

    House & Family History: Originally designed as Fetherstonhaugh House by James Paine for Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, Bt., MP, in the 1750s, Dover House was sold by his widow circa 1776. Prince Frederick, Duke of York (son of George III), purchased the House in December 1787 and promptly renamed it York House (something he was to do again when he purchased Melbourne House in Piccadilly in 1792; the name appeared again when the duke began to build today's Lancaster House, St. James's). Frederick engaged Henry Holland to update and enlarge York House in the fashionable Neoclassical style. Renamed Dover House in the 1830s (after the last private owner, George James Welbore Agar-Ellis, Lord Dover), the House has served as the government's Scotland Office since Lord Dover's family vacated in 1885. Dover House's rotunda, designed by Henry Holland and inserted into the former forecourt, is unique as the entrance to a London mansion.

  • Architect: John Yenn

    Date: 1805
    Designed: Alterations for 1st Viscount Melbourne

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    Architect: John Peter Deering (Gandy)

    Date: Circa 1827
    Designed: Alterations for 1st Viscount Melbourne

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    Architect: Henry Holland

    Date: 1787-92
    Designed: Added Portico and domed Entrance Hall and rebuilt West Front in Neoclasical style for Frederick, Duke of York.

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    Architect: James Paine Sr.

    Date: 1754-58
    Designed: House for Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh

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  • Title: Architect King: George III and the Culture of the Enlightenment, The
    Author: Watkin, David
    Year Published: 2004
    Reference: pgs. 197-198
    Publisher: London: Royal Collection Publications
    ISBN: 0902163508
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 1995
    Reference: pgs. 388, 503, 724, 1136
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 0300072074
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Blue Guide: London
    Author: Woodley, Roger
    Year Published: 2002
    Publisher: London: A&C Black
    ISBN: 0713648899
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Grade I

    Park Listed: No Park

  • Past Seat / Home of: Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, Bt., 1758-76. Prince Frederick, Duke of York, late 18th century. Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne, 19th century; Melbourne family here from 1793 until 1830. George James Welbore Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover, 19th century; Agar-Ellis family here from 1830 until 1885.

    Current Ownership Type: Government

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Offices

    Ownership Details: Today headquarters of the Scotland Office (since 1885), the Office of the Advocate General for Scotland, and the Independent Commission for Aid Impact.

  • House Open to Public: No

    Historic Houses Member: No