DiCamillo Companion
Scotland

Culzean Castle

  • Built / Designed For: 10th Earl of Cassilis

    House & Family History: The 5th Marquess of Ailsa donated Culzean to the National Trust for Scotland in 1945; it is today the most-visited site owned by the Trust.

    Comments: Perched high on a cliff overlooking the sea, Culzean is considered to have the finest position of any country house in Britain. The House is believed by many to be Robert Adam's masterpiece.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: The grounds include Scotland's first country park, created in 1969. On Culzean's estate is also to be found the Ruined Arch, the Viaduct, the Ice House, the Camellia House, and the Pagoda. Culzean is one of the foremost surviving Picturesque landscapes in Scotland.

  • Architect: Wardrop & Reid

    Date: 1877
    Designed: Nursery Wing

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    Architect: Robert Adam

    Date: 1777-92
    Designed: Extended House and remodeled House for 10th Earl of Cassillis

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    Architect: Robert Lugar

    Date: Ante 1823
    Designed: Cottage and Pheasantry for 12th Earl of Cassilis

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  • J.B. Burke: Vol. II, p. 128, 1853.

    J.P. Neal: Vol. VI, 1823. Scotland, 1830.

    Country Life: XXXVIII, 328, 360 plan, 1915. XCVIII, 956 plan, 1945.

  • Title: Magnificent Castle of Culzean and the Kennedy Family, The
    Author: Moss, Michael
    Year Published: 2002
    Reference: pgs. 196
    Publisher: Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
    ISBN: 078461723X
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Scotland in Trust (magazine)
    Author: NA
    Year Published: NA
    Reference: Spring 2003, pg. 63
    Publisher: Edinburgh: The National Trust for Scotland
    ISBN: NA
    Book Type: Magazine

    Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 1995
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 0300072074
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Category A

    Park Listed: Outstanding

  • "The Wicker Man" (1973 - as Lord Summerisle's island mansion). "Treasure Hunt" (1985 - TV game show, episode 3.10, "Ayrshire"). "The Last Musketeer" (2000 - TV movie). "Pyaar Ishq Aur Mohabbat" (2001). "Building of Britain" (2002 - TV documentary series). "Most Haunted" (2002 - TV documentary, episode 1.9). "Les Liaisons Dangereuses" [aka "Dangerous Liaisons"] (2003 - TV mini series). "Most Haunted Unseen" (2004 - TV documentary, episode 1.9). "The Queen" (2006 - as parts of Balmoral Castle).
  • Past Seat of: John Kennedy, 8th Earl of Cassilis, 18th century; Archibald Kennedy, 2nd Marquess of Ailsa, 19th century; Kennedy family here late 14th century until 1950s.

    Current Ownership Type: The National Trust for Scotland

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Visitor Attraction

    Ownership Details: Since 1945 owned by the National Trust for Scotland

  • House Open to Public: Yes

    Phone: 01655-760-274

    Fax: 01655-760-615

    Website: http://www.nts.org.uk

    Awards: Sandford Award, 2004.

    Historic Houses Member: No