DiCamillo Companion
England

Culham Court

  • Earlier Houses: An earlier house was damaged by fire in the 18th century and replaced by the current house.

    Built / Designed For: Robert Mitchell

    House & Family History: Culham Court is a house of red brick with five bays, the three center bays of which are pedimented and project slightly; to the north there is a fine Venetian doorway. There is disagreement about the architect of Culham, with three major contenders: Stiff Leadbetter, Sir William Chambers (per John Martin Robinson), or Sir Robert Taylor (per Marcus Binney). The current Culham was built by Richard Mitchell in 1770-71, after a fire damaged the previous house. Mitchell purchased the Estate in 1760, after he married an Antigua sugar-estate heiress. In 1804 Culham was visited by George III and Queen Charlotte, together with their daughters. In 1997 it was sold, with an asking price of £6.5 million. In 2006, after extensive renovations, the House and 650 acres were put up for sale for £25 million.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: In the 1940s Viscount Hambleden gave protective covenants over land on both sides of the river to the National Trust, thereby permanently protecting the landscape. In the late 20th century the Behrens employed Raymond Erith to design garden terraces overlooking the river, as well as a flint-faced swimming pool pavilion with a Pompeian-red mosaic interior. The Nicolls employed John Sales (former gardens advisor to the National Trust) to enhance the formal garden terraces.

  • Architect: William Oldham Chambers

    Date: 1770-71
    Designed: May have designed House for Robert Mitchell
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: Robert Taylor

    Date: 1770-71
    Designed: May have designed House for Robert Mitchell
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: Raymond Charles Erith

    Date: Late 20th century
    Designed: Garden Terraces overlooking the river, as well as a flint-faced swimming pool pavilion with a Pompeian-red mosaic interior.

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    Architect: John Sales

    Date: Late 20th century
    Designed: Enchanced formal garden terraces

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    Architect: Stiff Leadbetter

    Date: 1770-71
    Designed: May have designed House for Robert Mitchell
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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  • Title: Buildings of England: Berkshire, The
    Author: Pevsner, Nikolaus
    Year Published: 1966
    Publisher: London: Penguin Books
    ISBN: NA
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade II*

    Park Listed: Not Listed

  • Past Seat / Home of: SEATED AT EARLIER HOUSE: Neville, 16th century. SEATED AT CURRENT HOUSE: Robert Mitchell, 18th century. William Herbert Smith, 4th Viscount Hambleden, late 19th century. Let to Sir William Barber, Bt., and Dame Martha Barber, 1895-1930s. Cecil King, mid-20th century. Felicity and Michael Behrens, 1949-96. Patrick and Annabel Nicoll, 1997-2006.

    Current Ownership Type: Individual / Family Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home

  • House Open to Public: No

    Historic Houses Member: No