An early 19th century engraving of the house from "The Beauties of England & Wales"
An early 19th century engraving of the house from "The Beauties of England and Wales"
Kingston Lacy, Dorset, which was modeled on Coleshill House.
Clarendon House, London, which very likely influenced the design of Coleshill House.
Earlier Houses: There was at least one earlier house on, or near, the site of the house (the focus of this record) that was built for Sir George Pratt.
Built / Designed For: Sir George Pratt, 2nd Bt.
House & Family History: Considered Pratt's masterpiece, the exceptionally influential Coleshill burned in 1952; today only the outline of the house remains. The best surviving example of Coleshill is Pratt's later house, Kingston Lacy (see "Images" section). At Caumsett, the Marshall Field II estate on New York's Long Island, architect John Russell Pope designed, in the 1920s, the entrance of the house in emulation of Coleshill's entrance façade. During World War II Coleshill House was the headquarters and training center for the top secret Auxiliary Units, organized by the super-secret Special Operations Executive (SOE). The Auxiliary Units were small bands of volunteers organized as independent cells and setup throughout England by Churchill to act as an underground guerilla force to fight the occupiers, should Britain be invaded by Germany. The official acknowledgement that this program existed only came about in the 1990s.
Architect: Richard Boyle (Burlington)Date: 1744-45
Architect: Daniel Asher AlexanderDate: 1814-16
Architect: Inigo JonesDate: 1640s
Architect: Roger PrattDate: 1649-62
Vitruvius Britannicus: C. V, pls. 86, 87, 1771.
John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. I, 1818.
Country Life: XV, 666, 1904. XLVI, 108, 138, 1919.
Title: John Russell Pope: Architect of Empire
Author: Bedford, Steven McLeod
Year Published: 1998
Reference: pg. 92
Publisher: New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc.
Book Type: Hardback
Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - HARDBACK
Author: Colvin, Howard
Year Published: 2008
Reference: pgs. 67, 151, 591-592, 828
Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
Book Type: Hardback
House Listed: Demolished
Park Listed: Grade I
Past Seat / Home of: SEATED AT EARLIER HOUSES: Sir Thomas Freake, until 1626. Sir Henry Pratt, 1st Bt., 1626-47. SEATED AT CURRENT HOUSE: Sir George Pratt, 2nd Bt., 1658-73. Thomas Pleydell, early 18th century; Sir Mark Stuart Pleydell, 1st Bt., until 1768; Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 2nd Earl of Radnor, 19th century.
Current Ownership Type: The National Trust
Primary Current Ownership Use: Visitor Attraction