DiCamillo Companion
England

Clumber Park

  • House & Family History: Clumber, formerly home to the dukes of Newcastle, was once part of Nottinghamshire's famed "Dukeries." The enormous Italianate house at Clumber, designed and built in the 18th century to the designs of Stephen Wright, was almost entirely demolished in 1938, the Duke's Study being the only surviving bit. The outline of the House is preserved today by paving stones in the grass.

    Collections: William Hoare's "1st Duke of Newcastle" and "Rt. Hon. Henry Pelham" were sold to the House of Lords. The Newcastle Papers were sold to Nottinghamshire University Library. The Hall at Aske Hall has a fireplace that was removed from Clumber, while Buxted Park has, in its Dining Room, a circa 1715 chimneypiece from Clumber. Thomas Johnes purchased fireplaces from Fonthill Abbey circa 1807, which he installed at his Welsh seat, Hafod; when the Duke of Newcastle purchased Hafod in the early 19th century, he removed the Fonthill fireplaces and had them installed at his primary seat, Clumber Park (demolished 1938).

  • Garden & Outbuildings: The grounds of Clumber today (over 3,800 acres) contain at their heart an L-shaped serpentine lake, complete with wooded islands, and dotted with the Doric Temple, gate piers, and lodges, all part of the designs of Stephen Wright and done up in the mid-18th century for the 4th Duke of Newcastle. Clumber also contains the longest avenue of lime trees in Europe, planted in 1840 by the 4th Duke. In the Victorian era pleasure gardens bursting with paths and specimen trees were laid out by William Sawrey Gilpin. There are also late 19th century greenhouses (glasshouses), a fig house, a walled kitchen garden, and vineries. The four stone urns that today surround the central fountain in Harewood House's Terrace were purchased in 1937 by the 6th Earl of Harewood from Clumber Park. The Stableblock, which probably pre-dates the House, is extant.

    Chapel & Church: G.F. Bodley built a High Victorian Gothic Chapel, 1886-89, for the 7th Duke of Newcastle. The duke was a devoted Anglo-Catholic and created on his Estate a masterpiece of Gothic Revival architecture. The Chapel contains stained glass by C.E. Kempe.

  • Architect: Stephen Wright

    Date: 1760s
    Designed: Italianate House and landscaping (including follies) for 4th Duke of Newcastle

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    Architect: William Sawrey Gilpin

    Date: Victorian
    Designed: Pleasure gardens

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    Architect: George Frederick Bodley

    Date: 1886-89
    Designed: Gothic Chapel for 7th Duke of Newcastle

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  • John Bernard (J.B.) Burke, published under the title of A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, among other titles: 2.S. Vol. I, p. 126, 1854.

    John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. III, 1820.

    Country Life: XXIV, 352, 1908.

  • Title: Harewood Guidebook - 1990s
    Author: 7th Earl of Harewood
    Year Published: NA
    Reference: pg. 51
    Publisher: Yorkshire: Harewood House Trust Ltd.
    ISBN: 0952102145
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Lost Houses of Wales, The
    Author: Lloyd, Thomas
    Year Published: 1989
    Reference: pg. 51
    Publisher: London: SAVE Britain's Heritage
    ISBN: 0905978277
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Buildings of England: Sussex, The
    Author: Pevsner, Nikolaus; Nairn, Ian
    Year Published: 1973
    Reference: pg. 466
    Publisher: London: Penguin Books
    ISBN: 0140710280
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: English Country House From the Archives of Country Life, 1897-1939, The
    Author: Hall, Michael
    Year Published: 1994
    Publisher: London: Mitchell Beazley
    ISBN: 1857325303
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Disintegration of a Heritage: Country Houses and their Collections, 1979-1992, The
    Author: Sayer, Michael
    Year Published: 1993
    Publisher: Norfolk: Michael Russell (Publishing)
    ISBN: 0859551970
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: National Trust Handbook 2008, The
    Author: Peel, Lucy (Editor)
    Year Published: 2008
    Reference: pg. 220
    Publisher: England: The National Trust
    ISBN: 9780707804064
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Demolished

    Park Listed: Grade I

  • Past Seat of: Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, 18th century; Henry Pelham Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle-Under-Lyne, 19th century.

    Current Ownership Type: The National Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Visitor Attraction

  • House Open to Public: Grounds Only

    Phone: 01909-476-592

    Fax: 01909-500-721

    Email: clumberpark@nationaltrust.org.uk

    Website: http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk

    Historic Houses Member: No