DiCamillo Companion
England

Wentworth Castle (Stainborough Hall)

  • House & Family History: In the mid-13th century the de Everingham family acquired Stainborough Hall (the house went by this name until circa 1730, when Sir Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford of the second creation, renamed it Wentworth Castle). The Everinghams remained at Stainborough until 1610, when the Estate was sold to Thomas Cutler for £3,000 (approximately £8 million in 2016 inflation-adjusted values using the labour value commodity index). In 1708 the Cutlers, in the person of Henry Cutler, were forced to sell Stainborough (due to financial reverses) to Sir Thomas Wentworth for £14,150 (approximately £27 million in 2016 values). The Yorkshire estates of the 2nd Earl of Strafford (Wentworth) of nearby Wentworth Woodhouse, son of Charles I's loyal ally, were inherited upon his death in 1695 by a nephew, Thomas Watson, of Rockingham Castle in Northamptonshire. This inheritance so upset the senior branch of the Wentworth family that they famously took to rebuilding Wentworth Castle in an attempt to outshine and outsize the upstarts at Wentworth Woodhouse. They lost -- Wentworth Woodhouse has, at over 600 feet, the longest façade of any house in Britain. The 2nd Earl of Strafford of the second creation built the famous Palladian Range at Wentworth Castle, modeled on the famous Wanstead House in Essex (demolished in 1823). In the 1940s the Wentworth Castle Estate was compulsorily acquired from Captain Vernon-Wentworth by the local council. In the early 21st century a Heritage Lottery Fund grant of £8,556,000 was granted to the newly-established Wentworth Castle and Stainborough Park Heritage Trust. Restoration of the buildings and landscape, and the addition of visitor facilities, has transformed the property into a national tourist attraction, which has been a spur for regeneration in the area, devastated by the decline of coal mining. The grant also allowed urgent repairs to be carried out to the Grade I-listed Wentworth Castle, today home of Northern College, which, together with Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council, submitted the application for restoration. This project has opened up to the public one of the hidden wonders of South Yorkshire and represents one of the largest grants ever set aside for a heritage project in Yorkshire. Wentworth scholar Dr. Patrick Eyres believes that James Gibbs was much more involved with the design of the interiors of the House and garden buildings than previously thought; Dr. Eyres presented his findings at the Gibbs and Gardening seminar at Hartwell in September 2008.

    Collections: In the early 20th century Vittore Carpaccio's "St. Eustace" was sold from Wentworth Castle to the New York banker Otto Kahn, who placed it in the art collection housed at his New York City home, a house modeled on the Papal Chancelleria in Rome on the corner of 5th Avenue and 91st Street that, with 80 rooms, was the largest private residence in Manhattan when it was built in 1918. It still stands and today houses a Catholic school for girls. After Kahn's death in 1934 the painting was sold to the Swiss collector Baron Thyssen. In 2011, Lord Raby's magnificent silver cistern, made by Philip Rollos the Elder, 1705-06, was sold to Temple Newsam (see photo in "Images" section).

    Comments: Wentworth Castle's Franco-Prussian style was virtually unique in Georgian England. The House was called "the finest Palladian elevation in England" by Horace Walpole, who went on to praise Wentworth Castle as the supreme example of modern taste in architecture and landscape design, saying nobody had "distributed so many beauties over that domain, and called from wood, water, hills, prospects and buildings, a compendium of picturesque nature, improved by the chastity of art."

  • Garden & Outbuildings: The gardens are 300 years old and are the only Grade I-listed gardens in South Yorkshire. The Wentworth Castle & Stainborough Park Heritage Trust received a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund in the early 21st century to restore the gardens, which has resulted in the restoration of the unique 18th gardens and landscape, including the Pleasure Grounds, the Kitchen Garden, the Home Farm, and the magnificent mock medieval Stainborough Castle. Bentley's Gothic style Umbrello in the Menagerie Wood was built for the 2nd Earl of Strafford.

  • Architect: John Platt

    Date: 1762
    Designed: Carved pediment of the portico

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    Architect: Charles Ross

    Date: 1759
    Designed: Oversaw the building of the Southeast Wing as executant architect for 2nd Earl of Strafford

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    Architect: William Wentworth (Strafford)

    Date: 1759-64
    Designed: Palladian Southeast Wing for himself. Ross was executant architect.

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    Architect: Richard Bentley

    Date: 1759
    Designed: Gothic "umbrello" in Menagerie Wood for 2nd Earl of Strafford (now ruinous)

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    Architect: Horace Walpole

    Date: 1752
    Designed: Steeple Lodge

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    Architect: Lancelot Brown

    Date: Circa 1764
    Designed: Park and Serpentine Water

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    Architect: Thomas Archer

    Designed: Supervised rebuilding of Baroque Range and made alterations to von Bodt's design

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    Architect: William Thornton

    Designed: Ground floor decoration

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    Architect: Johannes (Jean) von Bodt (de Bott)

    Date: Circa 1710-20
    Designed: East (Baroque) Wing, including Gallery for 1st Earl of Strafford

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    Architect: James Gibbs

    Date: 1734
    Designed: Interiors of Gallery (designed by von Bodt) for 1st Earl of Strafford. Patrick Eyres believes that Gibbs was much more involved with the design of the interiors of the House and garden buildings than previously thought.

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  • Vitruvius Britannicus: C. I, pls. 92-94, 1715. C. Ivth. Pls. 54-58, 1739.

    John Bernard (J.B.) Burke, published under the title of A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. I, p. 254, 1852.

    John Preston (J.P.) Neale, published under the title of Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, among other titles: Vol. V, 1822.

    Country Life: XIII, 504, 1903. LVI, 588 plan, 634, 1922. LXXVI, 248, 1934.

  • Title: Gilded Mansions: Grand Architecture and High Society
    Author: Craven, Wayne
    Year Published: 2009
    Reference: pg. 335
    Publisher: New York: W.W. Norton & Company
    ISBN: 9780393067545
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: New Arcadian Journal: The Georgian Landscape of Wentworth Castle, 57/58
    Author: Eyres, Patrick (Editor)
    Year Published: 2005
    Reference: pgs. 21-22
    Publisher: Yorkshire: New Arcadian Press
    ISBN: 0262558X
    Book Type: Softback

    Title: Wentworth Castle: A Short History
    Author: Hey, David
    Year Published: 1991
    Reference: pgs. 2-5, 10
    Publisher: Derby: English Life Publications
    ISBN: 0851011896
    Book Type: Light Softback

    Title: Country Life Cumulative Index: Volumes I to CXCIII to December 1999
    Author: NA
    Year Published: 2000
    Publisher: London: IPC Magazines Limited
    ISBN: NA
    Book Type: Light Softback

    Title: English Country House From the Archives of Country Life, 1897-1939, The
    Author: Hall, Michael
    Year Published: 1994
    Publisher: London: Mitchell Beazley
    ISBN: 1857325303
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - HARDBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 2008
    Reference: pg. 122, 135, 424, 808, 888, 1105
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 9780300125085
    Book Type: Hardback

  • House Listed: Grade I

    Park Listed: Grade I

  • "Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell" (2015 – BBC TV mini series, for the grounds).
  • Past Seat of: De Everingham family, mid-13th century until 1610. Thomas Cutler, early 17th century. Lieutenant-General Thomas Wentworth, 3rd Baron Raby and 1st Earl of Strafford, 18th century; Frederick Vernon Wentworth, 19th century.

    Current Ownership Type: Government

    Primary Current Ownership Use: School

    Ownership Details: Owned by Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council and leased to Northern College for Residential Adult Education.

  • House Open to Public: No

    Phone: 01226-776-000

    Email: info@northern.ac.uk

    Website: http://www.northern.ac.uk

    Historic Houses Member: No