DiCamillo Companion
England

Londesborough Hall

  • Earlier Houses: The Elizabethan house was demolished in 1818 and replaced by the current Victorian house.

    Built / Designed For: Sir George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland.

    House & Family History: Richard Boyle, the famous 3rd Earl of Burlington, spent much time at Londesborough and probably altered the House to his own designs in the 18th century. The Londesborough Estate passed into the ownership of the dukes of Devonshire in 1753 through Lord Burlington's only surviving child, Charlotte, who had married the man who would become the 4th Duke of Devonshire in 1748. The 6th Duke of Devonshire (the famous Bachelor Duke), shackled by enormous debts from work at his other houses, demolished Londesborough Hall in 1818 and used some of the material for new building activities at Chatsworth, his primary seat. Some house furnishings from Londesborough were moved to Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire, another of the duke's homes. After the demolition of the House the Londesborough Estate remained in the ownership of the 6th Duke until 1847, when he sold, to raise more funds to reduce his debts, the Londesborough Estate to railroad entrepreneur George Hudson. Some remains of the cellars of the House are still visible, as well as some 18th century gatepiers.

  • Garden & Outbuildings: A Long Avenue, probably designed by Robert Hooke circa 1660-70, was replanted in the 1970s. The Orangery, a seven-bay brick building of circa 1700, is extant and today in the farmyard of Londesborough Hall Farm.

  • Architect: Robert Hooke

    Date: 1676-78
    Designed: Probably enlarged House and did layout gardens for 1st Earl of Burlington. Colvin believes Hooke may have also designed lodges and the Stableblock.

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    Architect: William Kent

    Date: 1720s
    Designed: Alterations to House for 3rd Earl of Burlington
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: Richard Boyle (Burlington)

    Date: 1735
    Designed: Alterations to House

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    Architect: John Etty

    Date: 1672-73
    Designed: Work for 1st Earl of Burlington. Colvin believes Etty designed one of the flanking blocks added to the Elizabeth center and visible from Kip's circa 1700 view.

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  • Title: Buildings of England: Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, The
    Author: Pevsner, Nikolaus; John Hutchinson (Contributor)
    Year Published: 1972
    Reference: pg. 306
    Publisher: London: Penguin Books
    ISBN: 0140710.434
    Book Type: Hardback

    Title: Hardwick Hall Guidebook
    Author: Girouard, Mark
    Year Published: 1996
    Publisher: London: The National Trust
    ISBN: 0707800986
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Demolished

    Park Listed: Grade II

  • Seat of: Ashwin family

    Past Seat of: Sir George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, late 16th-early 17th centuries. Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington and 2nd Earl of Cork, 17th century. William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 19th century; Cavendish family here from 1753 until 1819. George Hudson, 19th century. Albert Denison Denison, 1st Baron Londesborough, 19th century.

    Current Ownership Type: Individual / Family Trust

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Private Home

    Ownership Details: The Victorian house on the Londesborough Estate is today a private residence.

  • House Open to Public: No

    Historic Houses Member: No