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England

Burlington House

  • Built / Designed For: The orignal 17th century house was built for Sir John Denham.

    House & Family History: In the 1720s the 3rd Earl of Burlington remodeled the brick and Portland stone Burlington House in the Palladian style (a style which the earl popularized in Britain). The attic story and the roof of the south facade were removed during this work. Samuel Ware remodeled the north facade and created a grand central staircase for Lord George Cavendish in 1815. Ware also created a new, larger dining room on the first floor by converting two rooms in the west wing (today the Royal Academy's general assembly room). Lord George Cavendish also commissioned Samuel Ware to create the Burlington Arcade on land to the west of the house; this famous covered promenade of shops is extant and well-maintained today. In 1854 Burlington House was purchased by the British government; in 1866, the house and part of its north gardens were leased to the Royal Academy for 999 years.

  • Architect: Richard Norman Shaw

    Date: 1880-85
    Designed: Extensions and modifications

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    Architect: Hugh May

    Date: Circa 1660-68
    Designed: House begun circa 1660 for Sir John Denham was completed 1668 for 1st Earl of Burlington
    (Attribution of this work is uncertain)
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    Architect: John Carr

    Date: Late 18th century
    Designed: Interior work and extensions for Duke of Portland

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    Architect: Sydney Smirke

    Date: 1867-74
    Designed: Main galleries and schools for Royal Academy, 1867-70. Diploma Galleries and portico arcade, 1872. Keeper's House, 1874.

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    Architect: Edward Middleton Barry

    Date: 1876
    Designed: Interior alterations

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    Architect: Samuel Ware

    Date: 1815-18
    Designed: Remodeled and extended House for Lord George Cavendish

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    Architect: James Gibbs

    Date: 1708-15
    Designed: Remodeled courtyard buildings and added screen (demolished) for widow of 2nd Earl of Burlington.

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    Architect: Colen Campbell

    Date: 1715-22
    Designed: Triumphal arch (demolished), refronted exterior and remodeled interiors of House for 3rd Earl of Burlington.

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  • Vitruvius Britannicus: III, 1725, pl. 25 (Campbell's gateway to Piccadilly).

  • Title: Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, A - SOFTBACK
    Author: Colvin, Howard
    Year Published: 1995
    Publisher: New Haven: Yale University Press
    ISBN: 0300072074
    Book Type: Softback

  • House Listed: Grade II*

    Park Listed: No Park

  • "The Danish Girl" (2015).
  • Past Seat / Home of: Sir John Denham, 17th century. Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington and 2nd Earl of Cork, 17th century; Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, 18th century. George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 18th-19th centuries. William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, 18th-19th centuries. William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, 19th century; Cavendish family here 1753 unitl 1854.

    Current Ownership Type: Government

    Primary Current Ownership Use: Mixed Use

    Ownership Details: Burlington House is owned by the British Government and leased to the Royal Academy of Art and other scholarly institutions and societies (the Courtyard Societies).

  • House Open to Public: Yes

    Phone: 02073-008-000

    Email: library@royalacademy.org.uk

    Website: http://burlingtonhouse.org

    Historic Houses Member: No